AEGEE International Politics Journal

Written by Saurav Raj Pant (member of IPWG).

David Cameron’s announcement of holding a referendum by 2017 for deciding whether to stay in or move out of the EU if he wins the next term truly created a buzz around the entire Trans-Atlantic political spheres. This possibly game-changing proposal has drawn mixed reactions from both inside and outside of UK. This proposed plan could have a great deal of influence on London’s position on global geo-politics. Washington, along with the rest of the European community has strongly opposed the idea of UK leaving the EU.

Winston Churchill in his famous speech in University of Zurich in 1946 said “we must build a kind of United States of Europe.” His main aim was to learn lessons from history and to build a United Europe to eliminate wars forever. This factor has remained as the crux of today’s united Europe. His famous statement is still a milestone and is practical in current political scenario prevalent in Europe where various kinds of disagreements are on the floor.

How is she going to make it if she quits EU? With over centuries of gained historical values and global contacts, UK holds a special position in global political and economic landscape. I think Cameron is still unclear what will be the substitute of an ‘EU membership’for UK or how he would likeUK to exist in EU- whether in the Cultural or the Economic Bloc. Is he trying to modify the role of UK in a more constructive and decisive manner inside Brussels mainly to counter the ‘Franco-German’consortium ofpolitical-economic club?Cameron has reasons to be alarmed with the talks in Brussels by Franco-German Eurocrats regarding the possibility of formulating a neo-EU structure with increased dominance of Berlin and Paris. It is very important to understand that the success of this project also lies in scaling-up the Eastern European countries and to bringing them in the mainstream of global affairs. Another notable issue is how the leadership has played the win-win situation games to usher the Franco-German productivity and availability around the globe. Eurocrats are openly suggesting that the UK should remain in the EU and respond to the Eurozone crisis as part of mutual efforts to rescue the Euro.

Young Britons appear to be supporters of the EU and according to the research conducted by British based market research agency, YouGov, it appears that 66% of the population aged between 18-34 years old back EU and only 19% of the same age group vote “NO” to EU. Especially, the generations which grew up in the cross-cultural environment with no border restrictions openly say “YES” to EU.

According to the Eurostat, EU generates a GDP of over €12.894 Trillion globally which clearly indicates that EU’s influence has been growing in the global platform where it acts as a single voice, and thus is able to maintain itself as the strongest political and economic union in the world. UK and Germany are the biggest trading partners inside EU with mutual trade activities worth around €153 Billion in the first nine months of 2012 followed by France €150 Billion stated in the The Telegraph.

The EU political and economic club has already established itself as a recognized “soft power” with its control of the means of production rather than control of means of destruction as elucidated by Professor Joseph Nye of Harvard University in 2004. This concept clearly sketches the soft power strategy of EU in terms of heavily investing on the civilian mechanisms in the Global South which has drawn significant influence on the global political affairs to counter with the world’s super power.


Isolation from EU- Major Drawbacks

  1. UK’sweight in the international political platform (UN Security Council, World Bank, G8-G20) and its voice in the international affairs may diminish resulting in UK becoming the weak link in the NATO Trans-Atlantic Military Union.
  2. UK will be hard pressed to counter the shift of balance of economic gravity moving in favour of the world’s emerging economies in Asia i.e.,China, Russia and India.
  3. UK’s alliance with the White House may encounter disruption as US wants UK to remain in the EU


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